Our Blog

Filter By:
Showing items filed under “Bible”
in Bible

Singing the Blues in Faith

main image





BY DAN KIEHL, Senior Pastor of Oakwood Presbyterian Church 

           I love blues music.  I think I first discovered it through its influence on the great rock and roll singers and bands that I loved as a teenager, like Eric Clapton, the Who, the Rolling Stones, and the Allman Brothers Band.  Later, I graduated to more blues-oriented style as I became a passionate fan of the late, great Stevie Ray Vaughan, and now my current favorite is Davy Knowles.  That form of rollicking electric blues is still my favorite, but I also enjoy listening to the earlier pioneers of blues music like Howlin’ Wolf, Muddy Waters, and B.B. King.

            Blues music developed largely out of the African-American community of the late 1800’s that had endured the sufferings and indignities of slavery.  The music is known for its shuffling rhythms and melancholy sound, which is produced by adding “bent” or flattened notes to produce darker sounding chords.  Its lyrics are usually simplistic laments sung in a call-and-response style about life gone wrong or angry rants against those who have done the singer wrong.  Here’s an example from a song by Ray Charles called “Hard Times”:  “My mother told me / 'Fore she passed away / Said son when I'm gone / Don't forget to pray / 'Cause there'll be hard times / Those hard times / Who knows better than I? / Well I soon found out / Just what she meant / When I had to pawn my clothes / Just to pay the rent / Talkin' 'bout hard times / Those hard times / Who knows better than I?”  There’s never been a musical style better fitted to address the darker side of life.

            I used to be a little ashamed of my love for blues music.  I thought, “Aren’t all mature, Spirit-filled followers of Christ supposed to smiling and cheerful in all circumstances?  Isn’t that why, according to the old hymn, we ‘trust and obey’, so that we can always ‘be happy in Jesus’?”  But the more I studied God’s Word, the more I came to understand that real wisdom and spiritual maturity are found in honestly affirming the hard times in life, not in denying them.  Yes, Jesus is our Redeemer, He is risen from the dead, He is Lord, and we are heirs together with Him for all eternity.  But we are still sinners, living among other sinners, on a planet crippled by the curse of God upon our sin, and we constantly long for something far better. 

            Authentic Christianity is well summarized by the phrase, “Life is hard, but God is good.”  My life is overflowing with undeserved blessings, including my wife and kids, my career, my possessions, my health, and on and on.  But I also look in the mirror every morning and am reminded that I fall far short of God’s glory, and I’m again disappointed that I’m not nearly the husband, father, or pastor that I once dreamed I’d be.  My body is breaking down slowly.  Thorns and thistles, dirt, decay, and rust continually threaten to take over and destroy everything I own.   I experience as many conflicts in relationships as kindnesses.  For every spiritual victory I celebrate I face eight or ten spiritual defeats.  On my best days, it’s three steps forward, two steps back.  My redemption and deliverance are certain in Christ, but they are far from complete, and there are many dangerous and painful miles to go between here and there.

            If we look to the Psalms for a picture of spiritual health, we will find a wonderful balance of joyous elation and praise alongside of honest expressions of doubt and lament, sometimes all in the same Psalm.  In Psalm 13, David begins with this lament:  “How long, O Lord?  Will you forget me forever?  How long will You hide your face from me?  How long must I…have sorrow in my heart all the day?”  But by the end, he speaks of the confidence that the Lord will lift him out of his pit of despair:  “…my heart shall rejoice in Your salvation.  I will sing to the Lord, because He has dealt bountifully with me.”  The range of expressions of human emotion in the Psalms, from deep anguish to unbridled happiness , puts to shame any man-made hymnal or book of choruses.

            There are many whole books of the Bible that should come with a blues soundtrack.  Solomon cries out in Ecclesiastes 2:11, “I hated life, because what is done under the sun was grievous to me, for all is vanity and a striving after the wind.”  He later says in Ecclesiastes 7:2-4, “It is better to go to the house of mourning than to go to the house of feasting, for this is the end of all mankind, and the living will lay it to heart.  Sorrow is better than laughter, for by sadness of face the heart is made glad.  The heart of the wise is in the house of mourning, but the heart of fools is in the house of mirth.” 

            The Word of God teaches us that the life of a wise and mature believer in Christ will be characterized by consistent joy, but joy isn’t always, or even most often, exhibited in exuberant happiness.  It is even more powerfully exhibited in the undeniable peace and strength of one who sorrows over the death of a loved one, or the pain of disease, or the unjust treatment by an opponent while clinging to Christ in faith.  When I’m facing the hard realities of my life and I listen to the blues music that affirms the immensity of my struggles, I often experience a soothing and reassuring inner embrace from the Spirit of One who is able to “sympathize with our weaknesses…one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin.” (Hebrews 4:15). 

            Of course, it wouldn’t be healthy for me to only listen to music that affirms the hardness of my life as a sinner in a fallen world.  I need both minor and major keys in my music, to balance my diet of “mopey music” about the hardness of life with powerful musical affirmations of the goodness of God. 

            Paul says, “…we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.” (Romans 8:23).  So we both groan and wait eagerly in faith.  When I face and embrace the pain of conviction and the shame of confession, I find the relief and joy of forgiveness and reconciliation.  Honest reflections upon the effects of sin and suffering must always resolve in a cry of faith and hope:  “Why are you cast down, O my soul, and why are you in turmoil within me?  Hope in God; for I shall again praise him, my salvation and my God.” (Psalm 42:11).

in Bible

Millennial Views

main image

Senior Pastor of Oakwood Presbyterian Church

Question:  “What does our denomination teach regarding the Bible’s prophecies of end times events?  The different positions on end times teaching seem to revolve around the teaching on the millennium (a 1,000 year reign of Christ) in Revelation.  What is your interpretation?”

Answer: The PCA doesn’t have an “official” interpretation of the Biblical passages on the end times, but there are a couple of schools of thought that most PCA leaders would hold to.  You’re right, the “millennial” question is key to the different schools of thought, so I’ll start there… 

            Premillenialism teaches that at some point in the future, Christ will come to earth and “bind Satan” and establish a visible kingdom on earth, which will last for 1,000 years.  During that time, righteousness will prevail on earth, and the enemies of Christ and His Kingdom will be held in check.  Near the end of the thousand years, Satan will be released and allowed to wreak havoc on earth for a short time, at the end of which Christ will come again to finally defeat Satan and all who serve him, and make all things perfect in the New Heavens and New Earth. 

            The most popular version of premillenialism (called dispensational) teaches that the 1,000 year reign of Christ will come after the true Church is “raptured” out of the earth (taken to heaven) when Christ comes a first time, and then will commence a 7-year period of “tribulation” on earth.  At the end of the “tribulation” Christ will come a second time to subdue (but not destroy) His enemies and set up the 1,000-year kingdom on earth.  They teach that this would be a Jewish kingdom, because they believe that some promises of the Old Testament given to the Jews haven’t been fulfilled yet.  Then, after the 1,000- year reign, Christ would come a third time to finally defeat and destroy all His enemies.  This is the end times view reflected in the Tim LaHaye “Left Behind” books and movies that have been so popular in recent years.

            Postmillenialism teaches that at some point in the future, the Church will become so effective in evangelism and transforming society that a “binding” of Satan will occur and a thousand year “golden age” will begin, where righteousness will prevail and the enemies of Christ and His Kingdom will be held in check (note that Christ doesn’t physically return before this “golden age”).  After 1,000 years, Satan would be released and allowed to gather enemies of Christ against the church for one final conflict, at the end of which Christ will return to defeat all His enemies and establish the New Heavens and New Earth.

            Amillenialism teaches that the number 1,000 isn’t meant to be taken literally, that it is a symbolic number (as almost all numbers are in Biblical prophecies about the future).  The number 1,000 means the perfect and complete period of time determined by God for Christ to reign on earth.  That reign of Christ on earth began when Jesus came over 2,000 years ago, when He defeated Satan at the cross and rose again from the dead.  He will continue to reign (from heaven) until the perfect time set by the Father for Him to return.  Satan was “bound” at Christ’s first coming in a limited sense, in that he was rendered unable to keep the Gospel and the Church from spreading to all parts of the earth.  Just before He returns, Satan will be “loosed” in that he will once again be able to deceive the nations and rally them against the Church of Christ.  At the end of this final conflict, Christ will return to defeat all His enemies and establish the New Heavens and New Earth.  Notice that dispensational premillenialism teaches that Christ comes to earth 3 times (before the tribulation, after the tribulation, and after the 1,000 year reign on earth).  Postmillenialism and Amillenialism teach that there is only one return of Christ.

            I believe that the amillenial view of the end times is the correct interpretation of Bible prophecies.  Most leaders and teachers in the PCA would be amillenialists, a lesser number would be postmillennialists, and a small percentage would be premillenialists (but you would have a hard time finding one who is a dispensational premillenialist).

            The only place in the whole Bible that there is a reference to a thousand-year reign of Christ on earth is in Revelation 20:1-3, so let me give you my understanding of that passage.  First of all, looking at all of the other many numbers in the book of Revelation, it is pretty obvious that they have symbolic meanings and aren’t meant to be taken literally.  For instance, the numbers “7” represents perfection, the number “10” represents completion, and the number “6” represents fallen man, “12” represents the church (or its leaders). 

            The number “1,000” is an intensified version of the number “10”, which means “complete” or “full” – 10 x 10 x 10 = 1,000.  The Bible repeats things for emphasis – “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord God Almighty…”; “Truly, truly I say to you…”  So by repeating the number 10 three times by the number 1,000, you get the idea of a long period of time that is complete and perfectly planned by our sovereign God.  This kind of interpretation may seem weird to us, but it is normal for Biblical prophecies to communicate truth this way.

            Revelation 20:1-10 describes, in symbolic pictures, a “binding of Satan” that takes place at the beginning of a thousand year (long and complete) reign of Christ over the earth.  What is this binding of Satan and when did / will it occur?  If you study the account of Jesus’ life in the Gospels, it’s pretty clear that the binding of Satan happened when Christ came to earth to die on the cross and rise from the dead. 

            One of the unusual characteristics of the time period just before, during, and after the earthly ministry of Christ was the extreme level of demonic activity.  Unlike any other time in history, many people were being possessed by demons and some were given the ability to cast out demons.  A prominent aspect of Jesus’ ministry was the casting out of demons.  The Jewish leaders eventually began to accuse Him of casting out demons by the power of Satan himself.  Jesus responded to the charge by saying, “If Satan drives out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then can his kingdom stand?…But if I drive out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you. Or again, how can anyone enter a strong man's house and carry off his possessions unless he first ties up the strong man? Then he can rob his house.” (Matthew 12:26-29).  Jesus is saying that His power over demons is a sign that the Kingdom of God has come to earth.  As John the Baptist and Jesus both announced earlier, “The Kingdom of God is at hand.”  Jesus says that it is also evidence that He has “tied up the strong man” – Satan – so that He is able to “rob his house” – cast out his demons.  Jesus established the Kingdom of God by His first coming 2,000 years ago, and that involved some form of binding Satan. 

            Later, when Jesus’ disciples came back from casting out demons themselves in Jesus’ name, Jesus responded by saying, “I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven.” (Luke 10:18), again signifying that the ministry of Jesus and His disciples had signaled a great fall and defeat for Satan.  Jesus confirmed this when He said to His disciples, “Now is the time for judgment on this world; now the prince of this world will be driven out. But I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to myself.” (John 12:31-32).   Again, Jesus, at His first coming, declared that the Kingdom of God had come and that Satan was being cast down and out.  Since Revelation 20 says that this happens at the beginning of the thousand year reign of Christ, that means that the reign of Christ began at His first coming.  Therefore His ascension to the right hand of God after His resurrection was truly a coronation, the beginning of His reign over His spiritual kingdom on earth.  This ascension to the throne room of heaven is what is described prophetically in Daniel 7:9-14.

            But how can we say that Satan has been bound since the first coming of Christ?  He seems pretty active to all of us.   As Peter says, “…he prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour.” (I Peter 5:8).  But if you look carefully at Revelation 20, it says that the binding of Satan does not limit him in every possible way – it defines the particular limitation that the binding places upon him:  he was bound “to keep him from deceiving the nations anymore until the thousand years were ended.” (Revelation 20:3). 

            When did Satan’s ability to blind the nations (the Gentiles) to the Gospel suffer a huge blow?  Think of what happened on the day of Pentecost – the disciples proclaimed the Gospel, and miraculously everyone heard the message in their own native tongue, no matter where they were from.  From that point on in the book of Acts, we watch the Gospel spread like wildfire from Jerusalem to Judea to Samaria to the ends of the earth.  This is one of the central themes of the New Testament - the Kingdom of God would no longer be identified with the nation of Israel.  It would be international in composition.  That Kingdom expansion continues until this day – and it will continue until Satan is temporarily “loosed” just before Christ returns.  Satan is bound, Christ reigns, and, by His grace, we are the loyal subjects of His kingdom, serving in joy and awaiting His return.